A man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it imposes.
Black’s Law Dictionary 1st Edition

natural person

: a human being as distinguished from a person (as a corporation) created by operation of law

juridicial person

: an entity (as a partnership or corporation) that is given rights and responsibilities

 legal person

: a body of persons or an entity (as a corporation) considered as having many of the rights and responsibilities of a natural person and especially the capacity to sue and be sued
In legal use, “corporate body or corporation other than the state and having rights and duties before the law,” 15th century., short for person aggregate (c. 1400), person corporate (mid-15th century.).



From Bouvier’s Law Dictionary
word is applied to men, women and children, who are called natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms.
Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex, &c. A person is a man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it imposes. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 137.
2. It is also used to denote a corporation which is an artificial person. 1 Bl. Com. 123; 4 Bing. 669; C. 33 Eng. C. L R. 488; Woodes. Lect. 116; Bac. Us. 57; 1 Mod. 164.
3. But when the word “Persons” is spoken of in legislative acts, natural persons will be intended, unless something appear in the context to show that it applies to artificial persons.

Western Australia Constitution Act 1889


For the purposes of this Act — 

Person includes a corporation or association of persons.



the object of legal rights. There are two kinds of legal person: human beings and artificial persons such as corporations.


n. an organization formed with state governmental approval to act as an artificial person to carry on business (or other activities), which can sue or be sued, and (unless it is non-profit) can issue shares of stock to raise funds with which to start a business or increase its capital.

The all caps SURNAME is a “legal person” created by the operation of law (the Birth Certificate). Legislation only applies to persons, not living men or women.


Nihil habet forum ex scen
The court has nothing to do with what is not before it.

ie if the “person” is summoned to a court, the man should not appear nor present. To appear is to admit personage, a crime.
Further research will be shared regarding personage. Its in the archives somewhere!



Personation in general

514 Personation in general

(1) Any person who, with intent to defraud any person, falsely represents himself or herself to be some other person, living or dead, real or fictitious, is guilty of an offence which, unless otherwise stated, is a misdemeanour, and the person is liable to imprisonment for 3 years.

(2) If the representation is that the offender is a person entitled by will or operation of law to any specific property, and the person commits the offence with intent to obtain such property or possession thereof, the person is guilty of a crime, and is liable to imprisonment for 14 years.

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